Development of Kadimel Module for Malay Language Vocabulary Learning in Vocational College Institution in Malaysia: A Needs Analysis

  • iJTVet Publisher
  • Thibbah A/P Gatanagayan
  • Fadzilah bte Amzah
Keywords: vocational students;teaching and learning;malay language;vocabulary module;Quizlet;needs analysis.


The advancement of technology has opened a new door for language learning providers and instructors to teach
vocabulary for language learners using online technological interventions, such as the Quizlet applications. Yet,
little studies in the literature focused on the design and development of online tools in the delivery of Malay
Language subject, particularly on the vocabulary aspect, for vocational students in this country. This needs
analysis study aimed to understand the current practices and emerging issues in the teaching and facilitation of
Malay Language subject in vocational colleges in Malaysia. Then, it sought to identify the needs in developing a
specific vocabulary module of Malay language subject for vocational students, namely the Kadimel module. The
mix-method research was employed, i.e through survey and quiz involving teachers and students from different
vocational colleges in this country, in order to gather both quantitative and qualitative inputs for identifying the
students’ and teachers’ needs in developing the Malay vocabulary learning module. Findings revealed that
although there are a variety of printed teaching resources and materials available for the Malay Language
subject, there are certain issues and problems throughout the teaching and facilitation of the subject to the
vocational students, including the lack of uniformity in the use of the resources. Furthermore, there are also
issues related to the students’ learning aspects, such as difficulties in vocabulary learning, low motivation in
learning grammatical aspects that leads to their poor performance. Further findings outlined that the attributes
for developing the Malay language vocabulary learning module include learning reinforcement, interactive and
collaborative learning, simple, flexible, and effective content, as well as uniformity of references and content.